Mastering Grammatical French Agreement: Rules and Examples

Addison Smith
2 min readNov 14, 2023


Mastering Grammatical French Agreement: Rules and Examples

French, known for its elegance, employs grammatical agreement to ensure precision and coherence in written and spoken communication. Understanding and mastering these agreement rules is crucial for conveying meaning accurately. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the intricacies of grammatical French agreement, providing you with rules and examples. For further details and examples, refer to our in-depth resource on Grammatical French Agreement.

What is Grammatical Agreement?

Grammatical agreement in French involves ensuring that different elements in a sentence, such as nouns and adjectives, match in gender and number. This harmony in agreement enhances clarity and maintains linguistic correctness.

Agreement Rules and Examples

1. Noun-Adjective Agreement:

  • Adjectives must agree in gender and number with the nouns they modify.Masculine Singular: un livre intéressant (an interesting book)Feminine Singular: une histoire intéressante (an interesting story)Masculine Plural: des livres intéressants (interesting books)Feminine Plural: des histoires intéressantes (interesting stories)

2. Subject-Verb Agreement:

  • Verbs must agree in number and sometimes gender with the subject.Singular: Il travaille. (He works.)Plural: Ils travaillent. (They work.)Singular Feminine: Elle travaille. (She works.)Plural Feminine: Elles travaillent. (They [feminine] work.)

3. Partitive Article Agreement:

  • In negative sentences and questions, the partitive article agrees with the noun.Negative: Je n’ai pas de pommes. (I don’t have any apples.)Question: As-tu des sœurs ? (Do you have sisters?)

4. Pronoun Agreement:

  • Direct object pronouns (le, la, les) and indirect object pronouns (lui, leur) must agree with the gender and number of the noun they replace.Je vois Marie. Je la vois. (I see Marie. I see her.)Je vois les livres. Je les vois. (I see the books. I see them.)

5. Verb-Adjective Agreement:

  • In compound tenses, the past participle agrees with the subject in gender and number.Elle est arrivée. (She arrived.)Ils sont arrivés. (They [masculine] arrived.)Elles sont arrivées. (They [feminine] arrived.)

6. Adverb Agreement:

  • Most adverbs do not change form regardless of the gender or number of the noun.Il travaille bien. (He works well.)Elle chante bien. (She sings well.)


Mastering grammatical French agreement is essential for constructing clear and accurate sentences. These rules, when applied correctly, enhance your ability to express ideas precisely in both written and spoken French. For a deeper understanding and more examples, explore our comprehensive guide on Grammatical French Agreement. Happy learning!



Addison Smith

I am Addison Smith from California, trying to provide you real and unique info. Lifestyle, Education, Wellness, Worksheets!