ckUnveiling the French Verb “Devoir”: Conjugation, Meaning, Translation, and Examples

Addison Smith
2 min readNov 7, 2023

French is a language of elegance and depth, and its verbs are the building blocks of expression. In this blog post, we will embark on a linguistic journey to explore the French verb “devoir.” We’ll delve into its Devoir Conjugation in various tenses, its meaning, how it translates to English, and provide illustrative Devoir examples to help you master its usage effectively.

Conjugation of “Devoir”

“Devoir” is an irregular verb, which means it doesn’t follow a standard conjugation pattern. To use it correctly, you’ll need to understand its unique conjugation in different tenses and moods. Here’s a breakdown of its Devoir Conjugation:

Present Indicative:

  • Je dois (I must/I owe)
  • Tu dois (You must/You owe)
  • Il/Elle/On doit (He/She/One must/He/She/One owes)
  • Nous devons (We must/We owe)
  • Vous devez (You must/You owe)
  • Ils/Elles doivent (They must/They owe)

Past Participle:

The past participle of “devoir” is “dû.”


  • Je devais (I had to/I owed)
  • Tu devais (You had to/You owed)
  • Il/Elle/On devait (He/She/One had to/He/She/One owed)
  • Nous devions (We had to/We owed)
  • Vous deviez (You had to/You owed)
  • Ils/Elles devaient (They had to/They owed)


  • Je devrai (I will have to/I will owe)
  • Tu devras (You will have to/You will owe)
  • Il/Elle/On devra (He/She/One will have to/He/She/One will owe)
  • Nous devrons (We will have to/We will owe)
  • Vous devrez (You will have to/You will owe)
  • Ils/Elles devront (They will have to/They will owe)

Meaning and Translation

The verb “devoir” translates to “must” or “to owe” in English. It represents the obligation or necessity of doing something, making it an indispensable part of daily conversations and written expressions.


Now, let’s examine some Devoir examples to see how “devoir” is used in various contexts:

  1. Je dois étudier pour mon examen demain. Translation: I must study for my exam tomorrow.
  2. Tu devras aider tes parents ce weekend. Translation: You will have to help your parents this weekend.
  3. Elle devait de l’argent à son ami. Translation: She owed money to her friend.

Understanding the French verb “devoir” is vital for effective communication in French. It is a versatile verb that conveys the notions of obligation and debt, playing a significant role in various conversations and written texts. With knowledge of its conjugation, meaning, translation, and practical examples, you can confidently discuss responsibilities, duties, and debts in French. So, the next time you encounter a situation that involves obligation or owing, you can rely on the verb “devoir” to express it accurately and fluently.



Addison Smith

I am Addison Smith from California, trying to provide you real and unique info. Lifestyle, Education, Wellness, Worksheets!